Dhanbad (Hindi: धनबाद) is a city in the state of Jharkhand, and is also known as the ‘Coal Capital of India’. Dhanbad is the 79th fastest growing city in world. According to the 2001 census, Dhanbad is among the 35 cities of India with a population of more than one million. Among the Rail Divisions of Indian Railway, Dhanbad Rail Division is the second largest in terms of revenue generation.
Dhanbad is famous for coal mining. Tata Steel, BCCL, ECL and IISCO are some of the companies having coal mines in the district. Coal-mining, coal washing, and coke making are the main coal related industries in the city. IISCO (Indian Iron And Steel Company) is now owned by SAIL, while BCCL & Eastern Coalfields Limited are subsidiaries of CIL (Coal India Limited); these two companies are the largest operators of coal mines in Dhanbad, and have open cast mines as well as underground mines, whereas Tata Steel has mostly underground mines. These companies have developed townships for their employees.
Dhanbad has a rich history of growth, urbanisation and migration of people. The early history of the Dhanbad is shrouded in mystery. Details of even later periods are difficult to trace. The present district used to be a part of Manbhum. In the Settlement Report for Manbhum (1928) it was stated that no rock inscriptions, copper plates or old coins were discovered and not a single document of copper plate or palm leaf was found, during the Survey and Settlement operations. The oldest authentic documents produced were all on paper and barely even a hundred years old Dhanbad was in Manbhum district from 1928 up to 1956. However, on 24 October 1956, Dhanbad was declared a District on the Recommendation of the States Reorganization Commission vide notification 1911. And from 1956 to 14 November 2000 it was under Bihar. At present it is in Jharkhand, after the creation of state on 15 November 2000.
|Geography and Climate:|
Dhanbad has an average elevation of 227 m (745 ft). Its geographical length (extending from North to South) is 43 miles and the breadth (stretching across East to West) is 47 miles. It shares its boundaries with West Bengal in the Eastern and southern part, Dumka & Giridih in the North and Bokaro in the west. Dhanbad comes under the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
Dhanbad features climate that is transitional between a humid subtropical climate and a tropical wet and dry climate. Summer starts from last week of March and ends in mid June. Peak temperature in Summer can reach 47oC. Dhanbad also receives heavy rainfall. In winter, the minimum temperature remains around 12oC with a maximum of 22oC. Damodar River is the main river flowing through the District. Katri, Jamunia, Gobai, Khudia and Irji are the other rivers flowing through the district. The Red soil is found in the area and is not that much fertile for good agricultural produce. Due to presence of two large Dams in the district, many people are involved in pisiculture. Forest present in the district are of northern Tropical Dry Deciduous type. In many of these forest, people are engaged in sericulture.
|Languages spoken in the area are Hindi, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Maithili, English with many other local languages.|
Bank More being the central hub for Shopping, now we have Malls and Shopping Centers spread across length and breath of Dhanbad City namely City Centre, Ozone Galleria Big Bazaar, Ozone Plaza (Bank More) , Sri Ram Plaza, Urmila Tower, The family Store, New Market, Park Market (Hirapur), Shankar Mall (Rangatar). These are the places where one can shop and many more upcoming, namely Prabhatam Grand, Center-Point Mall (With Bank, Retail Shops, Food Court containing Restaurants, Cinemax Multiplex), Shristi Plaza (First Green Project of Jharkhand), creating shopping paradises and housing major brands for people of Dhanbad.
Presently Fame is the only Multiplex in the City situated in the Ozone Galleria Mall, saraidhela. Fame is the First Multiplex of Bihar and Jharkhand!, Fame Dhanbad, the multiplex has 4 screens with a seating capacity of 996 people.